Bibliography, first edition

Baker-Gilroy, Donna R. "Boundaries for Massage Therapists," AMTA-Connecticut Chapter Newsletter (March 1993).

A concise article defining boundaries, with some examples, and describing how trauma results in a boundary loss that is recorded at a cellular level (body memory). Gives suggestions for supporting our boundaries and those of our clients.

Beck, Stephanie. Social Trigger Points. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (September 4, 2013)

Provides general overviews, real strategies and action steps to have “Social Trigger Points” (aka: Facebook, Google+, Twitter, YouTube, Pinterest and LinkedIn) work to expand your business.

Brock, Gregory, Ph.D. "Ethics At Risk Test," North Carolina Assn for Marriage and Family Therapy Newsletter (Spring 1993).

A questionnaire designed to indicate level of risk for ethics violations harmful to clients and to self.

Chellos, Daphne. "Supervision in Bodywork: Borrowing a Model from Psychotherapy," Massage Therapy Journal (Winter 1991).

A massage therapist and psychotherapist explains how supervision can work for massage therapists.

"How Not to Get Lost in the Sexual Wilderness," Massage Therapy Journal (Summer 1993).

Discusses sexual response cycle as described by Masters and Johnson; includes suggestions on what questions therapists should ask themselves when having sexual feelings toward a client.

Cochran Fritz, Sandy; Grosenbach, James; and Paholsky, Kathy. "Ethics and Professionalism," Massage Magazine (Jan-Dec 1997).

A six-part series covering the definition of ethics, scope of practice, informaed consent, therapeutic relationships, boundaries and communication skills.

Corey, Gerald, et al. Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions. Brooks/Cole Publishing, 1997.

This textbook for counselors raises issues worthy of consideration by massage therapists and other helping professionals.

Davis, Carol M., Patient Practitioner Interaction, SLACK, Inc., 2006.

This combination text and workbook is geared mainly for physical therapy, but most of the information is applicable in any field. The chapter titled Resolving Ethical Dilemmas covers the development of an ethical consciousness, techniques for resolving dilemmas and provides a sample code of ethics and resolution exercises.

Davis, Phyllis. The Power of Touch: The Basis for Survival, Health, Intimacy, and Emotional Well-Being, Hay House, 1999.

This book explores the human need to touch and be touched-and how America's cultural taboos have made us a touch-starved nation. Phyllis shares important insights on physical contact, not only as a biological need, but also as a language that communicates love more powerfully than words. To help the reader learn how to bring more touch into their lives, Phyllis includes a chapter of touching exercises and ideas. "Without touch, a baby dies, the human heart aches, and the soul withers."

Dean, Judy. "Reflections Toward a Code of Conduct for the Massage Practitioner," Massage Therapy Journal (Summer 1989).

A veteran bodyworker lists the moral and ethical issues involved for massage the holistic health practice. Of particular importance: the fact that moral offenders are not "bad" people, but are usually either burnt out or have low self-esteem.

Disch, Estelle. "Are You in Trouble With a Client?" Three-page unpublished handout. Boston Associates to Stop Therapy Abuse, 528 Franklin Street, Cambridge MA 02139.

A checklist of questions to alert professionals to possible boundary issues.

"Why Might a Bodyworker Want Clinical Supervision?" Massage Therapy Journal (winter 1991).

Another discussion of how massage therapists, and their clients, could benefit from the professional's being in clinical supervision.

Field, Tiffany. Touch. Bradford Books, 2003.

As director of the Touch Research Institute at the University of Miami School of Medicine, Field has extensively studied and documented touch. In this book-length essay on the importance of touch, she argues that while skin is the largest sense organ of the body, it is taken for granted and overlooked in terms of research; it is also our most social sense in that it usually involves another person. Field goes on to suggest that many of the problem behaviors we see in this country might be traced to the absence of touch, or, as she characterizes it, to "touch hunger." Descriptions of the results of touch deprivation, the mechanics of how touch operates in the body, and various touch therapies and their benefits, especially in terms of pain reduction, are detailed.

Ford, Clyde W. Where Healing Waters Meet: Touching Mind and Emotion Through the Body, Station Hill Press, 1989.

Introduction to "somatosynthesis," a way to work with the mind/body connection as it is related to emotional issues.

Ford, Clyde W. Compassionate Touch, Second Edition, North Atlantic Books, 1999.

Dr. Ford has used touch to help his patients recover from a wide range of conditions, including chronic muscle strain, addictions, dysfunctional relationships, and abuse. In this revised edition of Compassionate Touch, new material on False Memory Syndrome (fms) has been added. Dr. Ford discusses how reputable scientists noticed that under certain circumstances, patients recalled events that did not take place, forcing clinicians to be more cautious in diagnosing for sexual abuse treatment. Illustrated with numerous examples from this practice as well as his many workshops, Compassionate Touch also includes exercises that can be done individually or with a trusted partner.

Goode, Erica E. "The Ultimate Betrayal," U.S. News and World Report (March 12, 1990).

When sex enters the relationship between psychotherapist and client, the damage is profound: the ultimate betrayal.

Greene, Elliot and Goodrich-Dunn, Barbara. The Psychology of the Body, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2004.

Explores the intricate connections between the mind and body and the underlying psychological factors that influence the massage therapist-client relationship.

Guthiel, M.D., Thomas and Gabbard, m.d., Glen. "The Concept of Boundaries in Clinical Practice: Theoretical and Risk-Management Dimensions." American Journal of Psychiatry (February 1993).

The authors examine the concepts of boundaries and boundary violations in clinical practice, particularly as they relate to recent sexual misconduct litigation.

Haberstam, Joshua. Everyday Ethics: Inspired Solutions to Real-Life Dilemmas. Viking/Penguin, 1993.

A challenging and humorous introduction to the fact that we all "think ethically" without realizing it, and how to do it better.

Hartmann, m.d., Ernest. Boundaries in the Mind: A New Psychology of Personality. Basic Books (1991).

This book explores boundaries in the brain and mind and puts forth a model for understanding intrapersonal/internal boundaries.

Heyward, Carter. When Boundaries Betray Us. Harper San Franciso, 1993.

From her personal experience in therapy, this feminist theologian and ethicist illustrates how rigidly applied traditional boundaries of professional relationship can lead to emotional and spiritual wounding. She calls for healing in nurturing community, within the framework of fully developed relationships that create a mutually empowering experience for therapist and client.

Juhan, Deane. Job's Body: A Handbook for Bodywork. Station Hill Press, 2002.

Juhan examines the physiology and psychology of our response to touch, combining excellent illustrations with a detailed but readable technical discussion. Individual sections conclude with his position that through body work, "heightened self-awareness and improved control over conditioned responses" will improve our health and reduce our Job-like suffering

Juhan, Deane. Touched by the Goddess Station. Station Hill Press, 2001.

Touched by the Goddess takes on the difficult and critical issues facing therapeutic touch. What happens to children when no distinction is made between beneficial and harmful touching? Why do we continue to fear pleasurable contact, despite the proven necessity of touch to human survival? Could it be that learning to touch each other in healing, positive ways is indispensable to productive change in society as a whole? On the sociological as well as the biological lever, this book is a primer for conscious living by the author of the world-renowned Job's Body: A Handbook for Bodywork.

Katherine, Anne. Where You End and I Begin. Fireside/Parkside Books (1991).

A succinct book about what healthy boundaries are, how to recognize when boundaries are violated and how to protect yourself.

Knaster, Mirka. "Re-membering...Through the Body," Massage Therapy Journal (Winter 1994).

A discussion of "body memory;" the factors, including touch, that may allow for a memory to trigger, what harms and what heals around unblocking memories and releasing their tension. She offers some cautions and precautions about working with this.

McIntosh, Nina. The Educated Heart, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2005

This book provides professional guidelines for massage therapists, bodyworkers and movement teachers. It brings humanity and humor to the intracies of shaping an integrity-based practice.

McIntosh, Nina. "The Heart of Bodywork," Massage & Bodywork Magazine (December/January 2002).

This regular, popular column by McIntosh focuses on ethics and professionalism for massage therapists and bodyworkers. Includes a variety of topics ranging from communication and difficult clients, to prejudice and professionalism.

McNeely, Deldon Anne. Touching: Body Therapy and Depth Psychology, Toronto: Inner City Books, 1987.

Written by a Jungian analyst and body therapist, this book illustrates how depth psychology and body therapy may be integrated in practice. A concise presentation of important considerations about the implications of touch. Of particular interest are the sections on the pioneers in body therapy, touch and transference, and the meaning of touch.

Montague, Ashley. Touching: The Human Significance of the Skin, Harper & Row, 1986.

The classic discussion of how the skin as a tactile organ is involved physically and behaviorally in growth and development.

Nevis, Sonia March. "Interview with Ben E. Benjamin." Massage Therapy Journal (Spring 1992).

A veteran psychotherapist discusses dual relationships.

Paiva, Cidalia. Keeping the Professional Promise. MT Publishing, 2004.

Discusses the importance of keeping the professional promise and maintaining integrity in touch.

Palmer, David, editor. "Sexual Ethics: An Interview with Daphne Chellos." The Bodywork Entrepreneur (Vol. III, No.4).

Daphne Chellos discusses the growing concern in the massage profession about sexual and ethical issues, and shares suggestions for educating the massage community.

"Who's responsible for the Client's Feelings?" The Bodywork Entrepreneur (Vol. III, No.4).

Discusses situations where clients feel abused even when no abuse has occured, and the practitioner's responsibility in such cases.

"The Importance of Clear Intention," The Bodywork Entrepreneur (Vol. III, No. 4).

Poses questions to help identify the practitioners conscious and unconscious personal, professional and philosophical agendas

Peale, Dr. Norman Vincent and Blanchard, Kenneth. The Power of Ethical Management, William Morrow and Co., Inc, 1988.

This book addresses moral dilemmas in the form of an engaging parable.

Polseno, Dianne. Column in the Massage Therapy Journal titled "Ethics Q+A." (Fall 1998 - Current).

These articles exlpore boundary issues in the massage setting. They explore various aspects which often challenge therapeutic relationships.

Purtilo, Ruth. Ethical Dimensions in the Health Professions, fourth edition. W.B. Saunders Co, 2004.

A basic text aimed desgned mainly for nurses that focuses on the decision-making process and practical applications.

Redleaf, D.C., Angelica with Baird, Susan. Behind Closed Doors: Gender, Sexuality and Touch in the Doctor/Patient Relationship. Auburn House Pub. Co. (1998).

This book goes to the heart of boundary violations and misconduct. Although written for doctors it is applicable to students and practitioners of every type. It contains protocols, recommendations, client surveys and solid guidance for safe practice.

Reinecke, Rod. "What is a Dual Relationship and How Can I Get One?" The Champion (North Carolina Assn for Marriage and Family Therapy Newsletter), Vol. XVII, No. 3., Winter, 1994.

Excerpted comments from Mr. Reinecke's participation on an interdisciplinary panel on Ethics.

Rutter, Peter. Sex in the Forbidden Zone: Therapists, Doctors, Clergy, Teacher and Other Men in Power Betray Women's Trust. J.P. Tarcher, Los Angeles, 1989.

Dr. Rutter, a psychiatrist, discusses power, trust and inherent vulnerability; how our cultural gender roles may set up male-in-power/female-as-victim roles.

Sherman, Carl. "Behind Closed Doors: Therapist-Client Sex," Psychology Today, May/June 1993.

A lengthy article which brings to light many aspects of the therapeutic relationship; points out that breach of trust by any therapist can be devastating for the client.

Simon, LCSW, Stuart. "Understanding Boundary Violations in the Therapist-Client Relationship." Massage Therapy Journal (Fall 1991).

Stuart Simon gives an excellent description of power dynamics in helping relationships, boundary violations, and how such violations can (very innocently) occur.

Sohnen-Moe, Cherie. "Business Ethics," Massage Magazine, Jan/Feb 1991.

This article explores the role of professionals and ethics, defines terminology, examines ways to develop a professional image, looks at a formula for resolving ethical dilemmas, addresses the design and implementation of a code of ethics, and includes a sample massage therapy code of ethics.

Sohnen-Moe, Cherie. Business Mastery, fourth edition (2008).

The underlying foundation of this book is about being successful while running an ethical, value-driven practice. The chapter titled Conscious Business explores the topic of ethics and managing a socially-responsible business.

Taylor, Kylea. The Ethics of Caring: Honoring the Web of Life in Our Professional Healing Relationships, Hanford Mead Publishers, 1995.

This book delves into deeper areas of ethics than the traditional models of right and wrong behavior. It challenges you to re- evaluate your values, attitudes and behaviors. It also provides insight into the process people go through in nonordinary states and the appropriate actions to take

Timms, Robert, ph.d. and Patrick Connors, CMT. Embodying Healing: Integrating Bodywork & Psychotherapy in Recovery from Childhood Sexual Abuse. Safer Society Press, 1992.

An introduction to the Psychophysical Model developed by this psychotherapist and body therapist to partner both disciplines in working with abuse survivors. A good chapter on the client/therapist relationship.

Van der Giessen, Matther J. "Psyche and Soma," Massage Therapy Journal (Summer 1990).

A review of the development in body/mind awareness, with "emotional first aid" helps for creating a supportive environment during emotional release, and affirmation of the value of massage teamed with psychotherapy.

Whitfield, m.d., Charles. Boundaries and Relationships: Knowing, Protecting and Enjoying the Self. Health Communications, Inc. (1993).

This book blends theories from several disciplines into practical knowledge and actions that you can use to improve relationships.

Willis, Harman, et al. New Traditions in Business, Berrett-Koehler, 1992.

A collection of writings from fifteen authors on the new paradigm thinking in business. One chapter by Ken Blanchard is specifically on Ethics in American Business. It covers the benefits of developing an ethical business, designing a code of ethics and principles of ethical behavior.

Yardley-Nohr, Terrie. Ethics for Massage Therapists, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2007.

Topics include core industry standards of practice, laws, morals, rules, and regulations. The book guides students through the process of putting ethical standards into practice, and explains what is expected of them in a professional setting.

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